Low blood sugar levels are usually more apt to occur with Type 1 diabetics, but Type 2 diabetics can experience lows, as well. When blood sugar levels fall below 50 milligrams per deciliter for men and 40 milligrams per deciliter for women, the patient can fall into a coma and death is possible. Raising blood sugar levels is a process that all diabetics and people who care for diabetics should understand.
Know the signs of low blood sugar. Each person is different and should become aware of their own body signs. Some are dizzy, shaky, or nauseous. If you live with a diabetic, learn to recognize the signs. Some diabetics become quiet. Others will start to twitch. Some experience slurred speech.2
Take your blood sugar. If you are able to take your own blood sugar, do it immediately. If not, see that someone else takes your blood sugar using a glucometer. If your blood sugar is below 70 milligrams per deciliter, act quickly.3
Consume pure carbohydrates. It is important to eat pure carbohydrates. Good choices are 4 ounces of orange juice or soda, 1 tablespoon of sugar, honey, or maple syrup, 3 to 4 glucose tablets, 3 sugar packets, 2 tablespoons of raisins, or 1 tube of glucose gel.4
Recheck blood sugar. Wait 15 minutes and then recheck blood sugar. If the blood sugar is still below 70 mg/dL, repeat with pure carbohydrates again. If the blood sugar is above 70 mg/dL, eat a meal or a snack that contains both carbohydrates and protein.